The quest for Indonesia’s sustainable food security currently lies on how the country manages
its most important food commodity: rice. The Indonesian government, through numerous
instruments, has been involved extensively in intervening the domestic rice market as a way to
navigate economic and political dynamics over the years. The combination of price stabilization
and other policies related to production of rice has culminated in the current rice policy that
is restrictive to international trade. However, the recent development on rice issue, such as
import policies, rising rice price, and also local farmers’ welfare have forced the need for further
examination of rice policy in Indonesia. We argue that getting the right rice policy will be an
essential move to further achieve and maintain sustainable food security in Indonesia. This
paper is intended to describe historically rice policies that have taken place and are currently
implemented in Indonesia. We highlight the key problems related to data reliability and we
discuss the main narratives and paradigms that underlie the policies across different periods.
We then offer a discussion about the possibility of new platform of rice trade to further achieve
sustainable food security in Indonesia, which should be considered in the context of regional
cooperation with the other ASEAN members, i.e. ASEAN Economic Community.